The Himalayas : Nature in Focus
Sitting on small plastic chairs in primary school classrooms children are being taught about mountains. They all have a single burning question that will get asked every time without fail: ‘what’s the biggest?’. The answer is Everest and the answer to the next question asked without fail: ‘where’s that?’ is the Himalayas. Some of you may have even been the lucky pupil who reached their hand to the highest height to ask the question but I am certain that everyone reading this article will have wanted to know the answer. It is this early interaction which fills us with intrigue at this gargantuan mountain range spanning from Northern Pakistan to Eastern Bhutan and giving rise to the Tibetan Plateau – “the roof of the world”.
The himalaya have a profound impact on their surrounding environment and the rest of the world. Scientists believe that the rise of the himalayas was the primary driving force behind the monsoons which began around 8 million years ago. The range also created a barrier shielding central asian plains from moisture and creating the Gobi and Mongolian deserts. Visit the Gobi desert on our sustainable mongolia tour.
This mighty mountain range is not only responsible for shaping the natural world surrounding it but also the culture with three of the main religions worldwide being taught on and originating from the himalaya: Buddhism, Islam and Hindu. Many consider the region to be the most spiritual place on earth. The regions diverse topography has also given rise to a plethora of cultures – for example, in the Arunchal Predesh region alone there are over 80 culturally distinct groups of peoples.